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Plants and Animals

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Plants and Animals


Lefkas is, mainly due to the rainy winters, a 'green' island with many pine trees, cypresses, oaks and plane trees. Lefkas also has many plants and flowers: peonies in the highlands, sea lilies on the west coast, geraniums, wild gladioli, blue irises, white, purple and yellow crocuses along the footpaths and cyclamen between the rocks.

Vegetation LefkasVegetation LefkasPhoto: Erweh CC 2.0 no changes made

On the mountain slopes, the scent of the pines and cypresses mixes with rosemary, thyme, oleander and especially sage, which grows there in large quantities. Lemon and orange trees are everywhere, almond trees and wild pear trees grow among the bushes.


Close to Preveza is the Rodia Wetlands Centre, the largest nature reserve in Greece, with over 280 species of birds, including the mongoose, Dalmatian pelican, stilts and black ibis. This wetland also hosts the third largest wild pelican colony in Europe.

Dalmatian Pelican, LefkasDalmatian Pelican, LefkasPhoto: Soerfm CC 3.0 no changes made

In 1950, water buffaloes were introduced, animals that were already native to Lefkas. Dolphins and sea turtles can be found around the island.

The Gulf of Kalloni is a special water biotope with rare birds such as flamingos. The two lagoons of Lefkas are an excellent place for wintering birds such as gulls, cormorants, swans, herons and coots.

Woodcock, LefkasWoodcock, LefkasPhoto:Jason Thompson CC 2.0 no changes made

The highlands of Lefkas are inhabited by hares, foxes, weasels, ferrets, partridges and many other birds: blackbirds, thrushes, sparrows, ravens, robins, owls, sparrows, hawks, woodcocks, crows, wild pigeons, larks, greenlings, magpies, swallows, wagtails and hoopoos.



Leistra, M. / De Griekse eilanden Gottmer/Becht

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Last updated March 2024
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