Cities in CRETE
Popular destinations GREECE
Crete has a population of over 600,000 (2017) living in eleven cities and 570 villages. On average, about 70 Cretans live per km2. The largest cities in the north are Iráklion (180,000 inhabitants), Chanía (60,000), Réthymnon (30,000) and Sitía (15,000) and in the south Ierápetra (23,000).
Many inland villages have been depopulated as residents have migrated abroad for lack of livelihood opportunities. The current population is composed of the various peoples who migrated across the island in the course of time. As a result, in addition to the black-haired Mediterranean type, many people with blue eyes are found. Longer blond people can originate from the Dorians or from the Western European crusaders. A separate population group are the traditional Skafiots who live mainly in the mountains of central Crete around Sfakia.
At the end of the 19th century, most of the Turks left the island; the rest of the Turks left the island in 1923 and their place was taken by about 30,000 Greeks from Asia Minor.
Buma, H. / Reishandboek Kreta
Hendriksen, B. / Kreta
Lubsen-Admiraal, S.M. / Kreta
Strijbos, E. / Kreta
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