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Important for the economy is wine growing, especially the famous white Samos wine. Approximately 6 million litres of this sweet, full-bodied wine are produced every year, making Samos wine the island's most important export product, with olive oil a close second. Samos has 2,300 hectares of vines, especially on the slopes of the Ámbelos massif in the northern part of Samos. Approximately 97% of the vineyards are covered by the Muscat grape (also called Muscat blanc a petit grains, Muscat de Frontignan or in Greek Moschoudi), the rest of the vineyards produce the Ritino and the Fokiano, which is used to make, among others, rosé wine. The most acclaimed Samos wines are the Samos Grand Cru and the Samos Vin Doux.
Two wine cooperatives in the towns of Karlóvassi and Malagári produce about 80,000 hl of Samos wine annually, of which about two-thirds is exported. The Muscat grape is also used to produce dry white wines, 'saména golden' and 'saména sec'.
Due to the relatively high rainfall on Samos, all kinds of vegetables are grown that are hard to find elsewhere in Greece. These vegetables are used not only by the residents but also by the cooks in the many restaurants. East of the capital, Samos Town, also called Vathí, lies the Vlamarí plateau, where intensive agriculture is still practised, although less so than in the past.
Besides Samos-city, also Karlóvassi is an economic centre of Samos, although many factory buildings are dilapidated and empty.
Schönrock, D. / Samos
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