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Religion

Religious buildings on Kalymnos

The Agios Nicholas Church was built in the 19th century by a wealthy sponge fisherman.

The 15th century Chrysocheria Church stands in the middle of the medieval fortress of the same name, Kastro Chrysocheria, originally a 12th century Byzantine fortress and inhabited in the early 14th century by John Knights of Rhodes. The coats of arms are of Grand Master Antonio Fluvia and of Fantino Querini, Venetian admiral and governor of Kos at the time.

In the Panagia Charitomeni church of Chorio (also called Chora), the ancient capital of Kalymnos, dating from 1805, remains of an Apollo temple can still be seen.

In Panormos, parts of the aforementioned temple dedicated to the god Apollo were incorporated into the 6th century Christ of Jerusalem basilica, of which unfortunately no more than the apse (niche-shaped space) remains.

In Vathi there are two early Christian basilicas, Agia Anastassis and Agia Irini.

Aghii Pandes is a monastery on the important thoroughfare to Vlychadia. The monastery is also called Aghios Savvas, after the monk Aghios Savvas (1862-1948), the patron saint of Kalymnos. Currently, a number of nuns still live in the monastery, where beautiful wall and ceiling paintings can be seen.

On the island of Télendos stands the large early Christian basilica Aghios Vasleios, which at 40 meters long and 25 meters wide is the largest and best preserved early Christian building on both Kalymnos and Télendos.

Greek mythology

Mythological image on a vase, GreeceMythological image on a vase, GreecePhoto: Public domain

The word myth is derived from the word "muthos", which first meant utterance and was later often interpreted as "a spoken or written story".

Mythology (muthologia) is thus "telling stories", or a collection of myths, or the study of myths.

When writing originated in Greece, myths and legends were already anchored in oral traditions, and later poets in particular gave the stories a different course. Greek mythology is very similar to other mythologies. For example, the Norse god Odin corresponds to the Greek Zeus and the Norse heroes often performed the same heroic deeds as their Greek colleagues.

Some Greek Gods:

Aeolus (Aiolos)
A son of Hippotes, who was appointed by Zeus as guardian of the winds. He was in charge of the (wind) gods: Boreas, Zephyros, Notos and Euros.

Aphrodite
Aphrodite is the goddess of love and beauty. She was born from the foam of the sea, where the main shrine dedicated to Aphrodite is located. She was married to Hephaestus, but preferred Ares for a lover.

Her son was Eros, the god of love. Aphrodite is depicted with the winged Eros and with doves. She was one of the Olympian gods. The Romans called her Venus.

Aphrodite, goddess of love and beauty, GreeceAphrodite, goddess of love and beauty, GreecePhoto: Tilemahos Efthimiadis CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

Apollo
Apollo was the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis. He is god of light, of medicine, music and science. Apollo is often depicted with a lyre in his hand. The main shrine dedicated to Apollo is located in Delphi, the most important oracle site of ancient Greece. Apollo was an Olympic god.

Ares
Ares was a son of Zeus and Hera and is the god of war. He is often depicted in full armor and was an Olympian god. The Romans take him Mars.

Artemis
Artemis was Apollo's twin sister and daughter of Zeus and Leto. She was the goddess of nature and the hunt. She was also the tutelary goddess of pregnant women and is often depicted with a bow in her hand. She was an Olympian god and her Roman name is Diana.

Dionysos
Dionysos was a son of Zeus and god of grapes and wine. He is often depicted with a staff that is wrapped at the top with ivy leaves. He was an Olympian god and his Roman name is Bacchus or Liber.

Dionysos, GreeceDionysos, GreecePhoto: Zde CC 4.0 International no changes made

Eros
Eros is the god of needs and is also called Himeros. Eros is often seen as a winged boy god who shoots men in the heart with love arrows. Roman names for him are Amor and Cupid.

Hermes
Hermes was the messenger of the gods and a son of Zeus. He is also god of travelers, thieves, and merchants. He is always depicted wearing a traveler cap and staff or a helmet with wings. His sandals also have wings. He escorted the ghosts of the dead into the underworld, Hades.

Pallas Athena
She is the daughter of Zeus only, because born from his forehead. She is the patron goddess of the artists and craftsmen, but also the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. In wartime Athena was also worshiped as a war goddess. She was the special guardian goddess of the city of Athens and a guardian angel of Greek heroes such as Heracles and Odysseus.

She is often depicted wearing a helmet and full armor. The owl, which symbolizes wisdom, was devoted to her. Pallas Athena has a sanctuary located in Athens: the Parthenon. She was an Olympian god and her Roman name is Minerva.

Pallas Athena GreecePallas Athena GreecePhoto: Diana Ringo CC 3.0 Austria no changes made

Poseidon
Poseidon is a helm of Zeus and is the god of the sea and guardian god of the sailors. His palace is deep under water and he is often depicted with a trident, with which he can stir the sea. The horse was dedicated to him.

Because the Greeks believed that the land floated on the sea, they also considered him the god who caused the earthquakes. The Roman name is Jupiter.

Zeus
Zeus was the supreme god of the Greeks and the king of gods and men. He was also the god of the sky and the weather. He is often depicted with a lightning in his hand and is seated on a throne. Many demigods and heroes, such as Hercules and Perseus, arose from his love affairs with beautiful women.

Zeus and Thetis, GreeceZeus and Thetis, GreecePhoto: Public domain

Sources

Wikipedia

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated January 2023
Copyright: Team The World of Info