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Popular destinations CANADA

AlbertaBritish columbiaManitoba
New brunswickNewfoundland and labradorNorthwest territories
Nova scotiaNunavutOntario
Prince edward islandQuebecSaskatchwan


Canada Bilingual Canada BilingualPhoto: Public domain

Canada has two official languages, English and French. French is the mother tongue of 24% of the population, English of 63% of the population.

Canadians have their own distinctive accent, but written Canadian English is very similar to English in Britain. Outside of Quebec, fewer people are native speakers of French, and while French-speaking communities still exist in the Maritime Provinces of Manitoba and Ontario, in some areas the language has been heavily influenced by English in terms of words and sentence structure. This has led to a mixed language that is incomprehensible to an outsider called 'franglais'.

Due to different waves of emigration, 40 languages with more than 2000 speakers were counted after a survey in 2006. English is of course the predominant language in British Columbia, unlike in Eastern Canada, French is hardly present. For example, there are many more residents of British Columbia who speak Mandarin or Cantonese than French.

Dutch is spoken in Canada by about 140,000 people by migrants of both the first and second generation. This mainly concerns Dutch people who emigrated to Canada in the 1950s and 1960s, but Flemings also belong to this group. These immigrants and their children mainly live in urban areas such as Vancouver, Ottawa and Toronto. Dutch lessons are given at, among others, The University of British Columbia and the University of Waterloo and the University of Toronto in Ontario.

In British Columbia, ten First-Nation languages have become extinct in the last hundred years. First Nation languages, such as the Skidegate Haida of the Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands) through the Skidegate Haida Immersion Program (1998), are trying to preserve it for the future.


BBC - Country Profiles

British Columbia and the Rockies
Michelin Apa Publications


Lonely Planet

CIA - World Factbook

Elmar Landeninformatie

Jepson, Tim / Vancouver en de Canadese Rockies
Wat & Hoe

Leigh Fleming, Janet / British Columbia : a walking guide

Ohlhoff, Kurt Jochen / Canada west & Alaska

Phenix, Penny / Canada
Wat & Hoe

The rough guide to Canada
Rough Guides

Struijk, Aad / West-Canada

Veldt, Marc / Canada

Ver Berkmoes, Ryan / British Columbia & the Yukon
Lonely Planet

Wagner, Heike / West-Canada : Alberta, British Columbia


Last updated June 2024
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