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The agricultural sector is still very important in Normandy. More than 10% of the labour force works in this sector, which is very high compared to other French regions.
Important regions are the Pays de Caux with its arable land and the pasture area Bessin. In Central and Western Normandy, there are some important horse-breeding centres. Around the Seine in Eastern Normandy, there are orchards and horticultural areas.
Normandy's fishermen account for almost 20% of France's total fishing catch. In the past, the textile industry, lace-making, quarrying, glassmaking and bell-foundries were the main livelihoods.
Today, industrial activities are mainly concentrated in the Seine Valley and around the cities of Caen, Lisieux, Évreux, Alençon and Cherbourg. These include port industry, metallurgy, petrochemicals, chemistry, pharmaceuticals, automobile industry and mechanics.
The deep sea port of Le Havre is the first export port of France and currently the fifth in Europe. With more than 50% of the total market, it is also France's main container port. The import of crude oil and refined oil products is a particularly important activity. Because of the frequent car-ferries with England and Ireland, Le Havre is also an important passenger port. Dieppe is the ninth port in France, Cherbourg the twelfth. Cherbourg has the world's largest artificial port, with a marina (the largest in France: more than 11,000 boat visits per year), a naval port, a commercial port and a fishing port.
Graaf, G. de / Normandië, Bretagne
Normandië, west : Caen, Mont-St-Michel, Guernsey, Jersey
Radius, J. / Normandië, Bretagne
Reiser, H. / Normandië
Vermoolen, S. / Normandië
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