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Plants and Animals

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Plants and Animals


Menorca has about 200 types of flowers, including different types of orchids. Approx. 25 types of flowers and plants are only found in Menorca.

White Orchid, MenorcaWhite Orchid, MenorcaPhoto: Mike Murphy CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Blackberry bushes, pine and holm oak forests, olive trees, thistles, hedges and blackthorns dominate the landscape.

At a lower level we find mastic bushes, evergreen maple, strawberry trees, buckwheat, myrtle, broom, juniper bushes, oleanders, wild asparagus, arum.

Oleander MenorcaOleander MenorcaPhoto: Alvesgaspar CC 2.5 Generic no changes made

Beach lilies, white and black rock roses grow in the dunes and reed is found in the moist areas.

Rocks are covered with lichens and thorn bushes or "socarells" defy the often strong coastal winds.


The fact that there are several bird of prey species indicates that the food chain is still intact, and that is a happy observation today.

The animal world on Menorca consists of small mammals, reptiles, insects and many birds. Mammals include martens, ferrets, weasels, rabbits, bats, some species of voles, and the shy hedgehog.

Reptiles include the Mediterranean turtle, lizards and some small harmless snake species.

Seagull in the harbor of Mahon, MenorcaSeagull in the harbor of Mahon, MenorcaPhoto: Donkey shot CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

All biotopes that can be distinguished on Menorca have their own bird world. Wood and turtledoves and blackbirds live in the ravines or "barrancs". On the cliffs and in the harbors gulls, petrels, shearwaters and cormorants. In the woods and in the fields woodcock, goldcrests, nightjars, flycatchers, partridges and quails. You can also see skylarks, crested larks, buntings and ravens.

Venus mussel, MenorcaVenus mussel, MenorcaPhoto: Public domain

The tourists are fond of crawfish, anglerfish, swordfish, groupers, stockfish, gurnard, bream and sea bream, as well as squid, shrimp, mussels, hommer, sea spiders and sea daddies. The escopinya or Venus mussel is special.

Wild duck, MenorcaWild duck, MenorcaPhoto: Vera Buhl CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Between Playa de Son Bou and the holiday resort of Sant Jaume, the Marisma de Son Bou wetland stretches out, an important habitat for wild ducks, migratory and waterfowl and reptiles of all kinds. In spring and autumn, Menorca is a stopover for thousands of migratory birds, including cormorants, herons, spoonbills, sand martins, bee-eaters, coots, water rails, reed warblers, waders, grebes, sandpipers, pochards, whelter and terns. The best places to view many of these species are the S'Albufera des Grau marshes (70 ha), the coastal areas and the southern ravines.

Buzzard, MenorcaBuzzard, MenorcaPhoto: Oliver Wolters CC 3.0 Germany no changes made

In addition, there are various birds of prey and scavengers on the island, such as ospreys, dwarf eagles, red kites, falcons, buzzards, sparrow hawks, vultures, harriers and little owls. Many species of small insectivores close this line.

The S'Albufera lagoon is separated from the sea by a sand barrier, which creates saltwater marshes next to a freshwater lake. Eels and turtles live in the saltwater marshes. 400 meters off the coast is the island of Ille d’en Colom, which is home to a protected lizard species, Lacerta lilfordi.

Menorcan black horseMenorcan black horsePhoto: Laura perez cezar CC 4.0 International no changes made

The black horses of the Menorcan breed are special.


Kelly, T. / Menorca

Klöcker, H. / Menorca

Mallorca & Ibiza, Menorca & Formentera
APA Publications

Montserrat, J. / Reiseführer Menorca : ein Streifzug durch die Insel
Triangle Postals

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info