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FORMENTERA
Language

Popular destinations SPAIN

AndalusiaCataloniaCosta blanca
Costa bravaCosta del solEl hierro
FormenteraFuerteventuraGran canaria
IbizaLa gomeraLa palma
LanzaroteMallorcaMenorca
Tenerife

Language

Most inhabitants of Formentera speak a variant of Catalan, namely Eivissenc or Ibicenco. In addition, of course, almost everyone speaks the Spanish we know, Castilian. Since 1992, most of the names of places of interest have been written in Eivissenc.

The islands Ibiza and Formentera were called Pytioussa and Ophioussa by the ancient Greeks. Where the name Formentera comes from is unclear. It is generally assumed that the name Formentera is derived from the word for 'frumentaria' (wheat) and that the island served as a granary under the Roman Empire. However, the dry nature of the island makes this somewhat unlikely. The island's name could also be derived from an old word for headland (that of La Mola and Barbaría).

The differences between Eivissenc, Catalan and Castilian are often considerable:

EnglishEivissencCatalanCastililian
Festivalxacotafestafiesta
Glassgotvasvaso
Towelcaramàstovallolatoalls
Dogquissogosperro
Boyboixnenéniño
Unclebloncooncletío
Stonemacpedrapiedra

Sources

Mallorca & Ibiza, Menorca & Formentera
APA Publications

Mischke, R. / Ibiza, Formentera
Het Spectrum

Rokebrand, R. / Reishandboek Ibiza en Formentera
Elmar

Sale, R. / Ibiza & Formentera
Kosmos-Z&K, 2000

Schmid, N. / Ibiza, Formentera
Deltas

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated January 2023
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