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MANITOBA
History

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History

The word Manitoba is of Native American origin although it is not clear exactly what that origin is. Manitou in Cree means Great Spirit and Manitou-baw in the Ojibwe language means Street of the Spirit. Finally, the Assiniboine referred to the lakes in the south of the province as Mini tobow or Lake of the Prairies.

Manitoba has been inhabited by various Indian tribes for some ten to thirteen thousand years. In 1612, the area was first explored by Europeans and in 1670, the Hudson Bay Company gained sovereignty over large parts of present-day Canada, including what is now Manitoba.

After the French and Indian War in 1763, the area became permanently British and became part of Rupertland. In 1811, the first farming settlement was established after which conflicts with the Métis broke out.

In 1869, the area was ceded by Britain to Canada and a year later the Province of Manitoba was created. Initially, it was a small, square area that was nicknamed the Stamp Province and covered only 1/18 of the current area. Slowly, however, it expanded until, in 1912, it covered the present boundaries.

After rapid growth before World War I, Manitoba stagnated somewhat and never reached its projected population of 3 million.

See also the history of Canada.


Sources

Elmar Landeninformatie

Wikipedia

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated February 2024
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