Cities in ALBANIA
Composition and distribution
Car rental in Albania
Albania SchoolkidsPhoto: Goodfaith17 CC 3.0 Unported no changes made
The population of Albania consists of approx. 82% Albanians (who call themselves Shqiptar) and further of Greeks, several thousand Slavs (Macedonians, Montenegrins, Bulgarians, Serbia) and Turks, Vlachs (also called Aromuns or Balkan Romanians) Armenians and Gypsies.
The ethnic Albanians can be divided into two groups, which were formed around the 12th century and each speak their own Albanian dialect. Mountain dwellers live north of the Shkumbin River in the northeast of the country and the Ghegen in Kosovo. The Tosken live south of the Shkumbin.
The population density is approximately 106 persons per km2. The most densely populated are the hills and coastline, especially the districts of Tirana and Vlor. Before the Second World War, the vast majority of Albanians still lived in the countryside. At present, about 60% live in cities (very little from a European perspective) and the migration to the cities is still increasing.
Natural population growth is 0.24%
Birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 12.9
Death rate per 1000 inhabitants is 7.3
Life expectancy is 76, 5 years for men and 82,1 years for women
0-14 years 18%
15-64 years 69%
Kagie, R. / Albanië : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen : Novib
Pettifer, J. / Albania & Kosovo
Vlucht uit het isolement : Albanië op zoek naar nieuwe wegen
Instituut voor Publiek en Politiek
CIA - World Factbook
BBC - Country ProfilesLast updated December 2022
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