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ALBANIA
Population

Cities in ALBANIA

Tirana

Population

Composition and distribution

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The population of Albania consists of approx. 82% Albanians (who call themselves Shqiptar) and further of Greeks, several thousand Slavs (Macedonians, Montenegrins, Bulgarians, Serbia) and Turks, Vlachs (also called Aromuns or Balkan Romanians) Armenians and Gypsies.

The ethnic Albanians can be divided into two groups, which were formed around the 12th century and each speak their own Albanian dialect. Mountain dwellers live north of the Shkumbin River in the northeast of the country and the Ghegen in Kosovo. The Tosken live south of the Shkumbin.

Albania itself is home to 3.08 million people (2021); more than three million Albanians live abroad, of which 2.5 million in Kosovo, Macedonia and Montenegro, the rest in Southern Italy and Greece.

The population density is approximately 106 persons per km2. The most densely populated are the hills and coastline, especially the districts of Tirana and Vlor. Before the Second World War, the vast majority of Albanians still lived in the countryside. At present, about 60% live in cities (very little from a European perspective) and the migration to the cities is still increasing.

Largest cities:

Tirana421,000inhabitants
Durrës115,500inhabitants
Elbasan87,000inhabitants
Shkodër82,000inhabitants
Vlorë77,000inhabitants
Fier56,000inhabitants
Korçë55,000inhabitants
Berat44,000inhabitants

Demographics (2021)

Natural population growth is 0.24%

Birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 12.9
Death rate per 1000 inhabitants is 7.3

Life expectancy is 76, 5 years for men and 82,1 years for women

Age structure
0-14 years 18%
15-64 years 69%
65+ 13%

Sources

Encarta-encyclopedia

Kagie, R. / Albanië : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen : Novib

Pettifer, J. / Albania & Kosovo
Black

Vlucht uit het isolement : Albanië op zoek naar nieuwe wegen
Instituut voor Publiek en Politiek

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated December 2022
Copyright: Team The World of Info