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ALBANIA
Language

Cities in ALBANIA

Tirana

Language

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Language map Albania

Language map AlbaniaPhoto: Caltinus CC.4.0 International no changes made

Albanian belongs to the Indo-European language group; it is a mixed language with a large number of loanwords.

There is a Ghegic and a Tosk dialect, as well as a transitional dialect between the two. Tosk has been the official language since 1945 and is strongly influenced by Greek. The Ghegic dialect has many Slavic influences. Turkish influences can also be found in both dialects.

The ethnic minority groups in the country are allowed to use their own language.

In 1908 an official Albanian alphabet was introduced, based on the Latin alphabet.

Sources

Encarta-encyclopedia

Kagie, R. / Albanië : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen : Novib

Pettifer, J. / Albania & Kosovo
Black

Vlucht uit het isolement : Albanië op zoek naar nieuwe wegen
Instituut voor Publiek en Politiek

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated January 2023
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