Cities in CALIFORNIA
|Los angeles||San francisco|
Popular destinations USA
California population growth in the period 1940-2005Photo: Urban in the public domain
California had 39,144,818 inhabitants on July 1, 2015, making it the state with the most inhabitants and also with approximately 95 inhabitants per km², three times the national average, the most densely populated state in the United States. About one in nine Americans lives in California, and the state is also one of the largest growers in terms of population. Of the ten largest cities in the United States, three, Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose, are in California. Of the 100 largest cities in the United States, 17 are in California, more than any other state:
|Los Angeles||Los Angeles||ca. 4.000.000||2|
|San Diego||San Diego||ca. 1.300.000||8|
|San José||Santa Clara||ca. 1.030.000||10|
|San Francisco||San Francisco||ca. 865.000||13|
|Long Beach||Los Angeles||ca. 475.000||37|
|Santa Ana||Orange||ca. 336.000||57|
|Stockton||San Joaquin||ca. 306.000||62|
|Chula Vista||San Diego||ca. 266.000||74|
|San Bernardino||San Bernardino||ca. 217.000||100|
One third of the inhabitants were born abroad or have their roots there; California is therefore the most ethnically diversified US state. Approx. 74% of California's population is white; some 6.6% are black, which is below the national average of almost 13%. Currently, one in four legal immigrants is settling in California. In addition, an estimated 3 million illegal immigrants are currently living in California.
Almost 14% of the population is of Asian descent, more than three times the national average. The first Chinese arrived during the gold rush, which started in 1848. Around 1860 a massive immigration of Chinese started again, this time because of the great economic problems in their homeland. However, the Chinese faced a lot of racial violence, which resulted in the creation of entire Chinese neighborhoods in cities such as San Francisco and Los Angeles. In 1880, the Chinese were even largely banned from the United States, a situation that lasted until 1943. At the moment, the Chinese neighborhoods have become a real tourist attraction.
Chinatown San Francisco street scene in 1898Photo: Arnold Genthe (1869-1942) in the public domain
In the early 20th century, many Japanese farmers came to California and did good work there. However, that changed completely after the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1942; the Japanese were considered a threat to internal security and were interned during the war. WRA (War Relocation Authority) Location Centers were located in, from north to south, Tule Lake, Manzanar, Poston and Gila River; Cow Creek had a WRA Temporary Camp.
In addition to Chinese and Japanese, many Cambodians, Vietnamese, South Koreans and Laotians also live in California. Long Beach has the largest population of Cambodians outside of Cambodia ('Little Phnom Penh'), Fresno has the largest Hmong community in the world outside of Laos. The Vietnamese and South Koreans moved to the United States because of the wars fought there in the second half of the 20th century. Silicon Valley has attracted many technically trained Indians and Pakistanis since the 1970s.
Santa Monica also has a large community of Englishmen, Solvang has its Danes, Kingsburg its Swedes, Bakersfield has the largest Basque community in the United States, North Beach in San Francisco is 'Little Italy', and the second largest Jewish community in the United States also resides in California, especially in Los Angeles. Many of today's cities were founded by Spanish explorers as early as the 17th and 18th centuries. As early as the mid-20th century, California had the largest population of Mexicans in the world outside of Mexico in its territory. Many Hispanics from Central and South America came to California in the 1980s because of serious economic and political problems in their country.
More Native Californians live in California than in any other US state. A small number of them still live in reserves, most of the indigenous peoples are integrated. Tribal tribes with a large territory at the time of the arrival of the Europeans were Achumawi, Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Kawaiisu, Mono. Nisenan, Panamint, Serrano and Yokuts.
Native peoples of California at the time of the arrival of the EuropeansPhoto:Concerto CC 3.0 Unported no changes made
California consists of 58 counties, of which the largest in area is San Bernardino County, the one with the most inhabitants is Los Angeles County, approx. 10 million. The population of each county varies enormously, Alpine County in eastern California has a population of just over 1,100.
BBC - Country Profiles
Benson, Sara / California
Benson, Sara / Discover California
Uitgeverij Cambium B.V.
CIA - World Factbook
Hansen, Preben / 100% Californië & West-USA
Heetvelt, Angela / Zuidwestelijke staten van Amerika
Mangin, Daniel / Californië : de reisgids voor een actieve & culturele vakantie
Wat & Hoe
Ominalowska, Malgorzata / Californië
Uitgeverij Unieboek/Het Spectrum
The Rough Guide to California
Rough Guides Ltd.
Schmidt-Brümmer, Horst / Lannoo's autoboek Californië en Zuidwest-USA : on the road
Vlahides, John A. / Northern California
Uitgeverij Terra Lannoo
Copyright: Team The World of Info