Cities in CALIFORNIA
|Los angeles||San francisco|
Popular destinations USA
English Language MapPhoto: Kobolen CC 3.0 Unported no changes made
English is spoken in California, but Spanish is the second language. 60.5% of the population speaks English, 25.8% Spanish and 13.7% other languages.
The vast majority of the American population is native English, but large groups also speak other European and non-European languages, especially Spanish. Especially in the big cities, groups live who have often retained the language of origin for many generations.
For example, a French dialect is still spoken in parts of Louisiana, and some French Canadians in New England have also retained the language of their neighbors in Canada.
The Puerto Ricans and many people of Spanish descent speak Spanish. Furthermore, the Inuit in Alaska have their own language and a Polynesian language is spoken in Hawaii.
There is no American as a language: there is really only American English. The main difference with British English lies in the different pronunciation. A distinction is made between the dialects of the north, east and south, but despite the great distances, the dialects still differ less widely than in a small country like the Netherlands. New life circumstances and a different mentality did create new words, sayings and expressions. Some words have been given a different meaning, and a few things have also changed in spelling and grammar. Still, the language differences between English and English-American are not very great.
Americans like it short and anything that goes fast and saves time is much appreciated.
This aspiration is also reflected in the language. Some examples of this are:
- Television = TV
- Science fiction = sf
- Advertisement = ad
- Bycicle = bike
- Hello = hi
- Reverend = rev
- See you = C U
Another way to save time is to contract words, both in the spoken language and in the written language. Some examples of this are:
- Radio operator = radio operator
- Motor cavalcade = motorcade
- Laundry automatic = laundromat
- I'm going to = I'm going to
- I want to = I wanna
- I don't know = dunno
- Merry christmas = merry x-mas
- Through = thru
Almost all Indians speak American. In addition, dozens of widely differing Native American languages have survived the US government's assimilation technique.
Overview Indian languagesPhoto: Public domain
Some ethnic population groups still adhere strongly to the language and traditions of the motherland. In the big cities this is very noticeable in the many "Chinatowns" and "Little Italy's".
In the countryside, religious groups such as the Mennonites of the old order, Hutterites and Amana still speak German from the 19th century.
Two centuries ago, between 80 and 90 different Native American languages and dialects were spoken within the confines of today's California. These California native languages belong to 20 major language families; including at least seven language families that have no relationship to any other language family. From a linguistic point of view, California is the most diverse state in the United States. Below 76 languages and dialects that are extinct and are still spoken in California, sometimes by less than ten people.
|Awaswas||Juaneño||New River Shasta||Serrano|
|Central Pomo||Kashaya||Northeastern Pomo||Southern Pomo|
|Central Sierra Miwok||Kato||Northern Paiute||Southern Sierra Miwok|
|Chemehuevi||Kitanemuk||Northern Sierra Miwok||Tataviam|
|Coast Miwok||Kumeyaay (Diegueño)||Okwanuchu||Ventureño|
|Eel River Athabaskan||Maidu||Plains Miwok||Wintu|
BBC - Country Profiles
Benson, Sara / California
Benson, Sara / Discover California
Uitgeverij Cambium B.V.
CIA - World Factbook
Hansen, Preben / 100% Californië & West-USA
Heetvelt, Angela / Zuidwestelijke staten van Amerika
Mangin, Daniel / Californië : de reisgids voor een actieve & culturele vakantie
Wat & Hoe
Ominalowska, Malgorzata / Californië
Uitgeverij Unieboek/Het Spectrum
The Rough Guide to California
Rough Guides Ltd.
Schmidt-Brümmer, Horst / Lannoo's autoboek Californië en Zuidwest-USA : on the road
Vlahides, John A. / Northern California
Uitgeverij Terra Lannoo
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