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BELARUS
Population

Cities in BELARUS

Minsk

Population

Composition

Protesting population of Belarus 2020Protesting population of Belarus 2020Photo: Homoatrox CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Belarus has 9,549,747 million inhabitants (2017), including 83.7% ethnic Belarusians, 8.3% Russians, 3.1% Poles, 1.7% Ukrainians and a small number of Tatars and other populations.

The only non-Slavic minority in Belarus are the Roma ("People"), who mainly live in some towns and villages in the south and southeast.

Before the Second World War, many Poles, Jews and a fairly large German minority lived in Belarus. Most were killed or fled or sent to Siberia.

Before the war, 10% of the population was Jewish and in cities such as Minsk, Hrodna, Brest and Vitsebsk the number of Jews made up between a third and three quarters of the population. As a result of the Holocaust, less than 1% of the population is currently Jewish.

Belarus has no minorities that want to secede, despite a turbulent past and the contrasts between Catholics (Poland) and Russian Orthodox.

Demographic data

The population density is approximately 46 inhabitants per square kilometer. In 2017, 75% of the population lived in cities and 25% in rural areas. There are more than 200 urban regions and twelve cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants. Most Belarusian cities were founded in the 12th century and the oldest northern city Polotsk, founded in the year 862.

Many ethnic Belarusians live in Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. More than 1 million Belarusians live in the West, mainly in England, Germany, France, Belgium, the United States, Canada and Argentina.


Sources

Belarus
Lerner Publications Company

Belarus and Moldova : country studies
Federal Research Division, Library of Congress

Holtbrügge, D. / Weissrussland
Verlag C.H. Beck

Levy, P. / Belarus
Marshall Cavendish

Oost-Europa
The Reader’s Digest

Russia & Belarus
Lonely Planet

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info