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Climate and Weather

Cities in ENGLAND

Birmingham Liverpool London

Popular destinations UNITED KINGDOM

EnglandNorthern irelandScotland

Climate and Weather

Foggy Fields in Yorkshire EnglandFoggy Fields in Yorkshire EnglandPhoto: Andy Beecroft CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

England has a very maritime climate because of its location in the middle of the North Atlantic Gulf Stream and especially because of the strong prevailing southwestern winds, which almost always supply moist sea air. The low annual temperature is also characteristic and in South East England is only 13 °C. The winters are generally mild and the summers cool, with relatively high humidity in both periods. Very low temperatures can only occur when the eastern winds supply air from the European mainland in winter.

Fog is quite common, for example in the industrial area of middle Engeland more than fifty days a year. The average number of hours of sunshine is not very high: 30 to 40% along the south and east coast, less to less than 20% along the west coast in the Scottish highlands. It is generally warmer in the south than in the north. In the south, the temperature fluctuates between 4 °C in January and 18 °C in July. Palm trees also grow here spontaneously, especially in the area also known as the "Cornish Riviera". Temperatures above 30 °C are sporadic throughout England.

Cloud front over Kent, EnglandCloud front over Kent, EnglandPhoto: Acabashi CC 4.0 International no changes made

It rains very often in England; in most places more than 200 days a year. The rainfall is mainly related to depressions passing over or to the north of the British Isles. These also cause the strong winds in the west and north: approx. 30 days a year with a wind force of 8 or higher. Due to propulsion, the precipitation amounts are greatest along the west coast and especially where it is mountainous. For example, parts of the Pennines and Lake District sometimes receive more than 4,500 mm of rain per year. In the east and in the lower areas it rains considerably less. There, an average falls between 1000 and 1500 mm per year. In London, and in parts of neighboring Essex and Kent, as little as 600mm per year. Most rain falls in the period from late September to late November, but it can also rain heavily in the middle of summer. In October 2000 and March 2001, extreme rain fell in certain parts of England, flooding entire areas.

The average number of snow days in South East England is over 15, along the west coast of Wales around 7.

WILTSHIRE (Southwest): 150 meters above sea level
precipitation (mm)644859455657555963646376
LONDON (Southeast): 62 meters above sea level
precipitation (mm)785161545557455668737779
PLYMOUTH (Zuidwesten) 27 meter above sea level
precipitation (mm)11592875864575469779596116
MANCHESTER (Midden) 78 meter above sea level
precipitation (mm)695061516167658171787878


Allport, A. / England
Chelsea House

Bowden, R. / Groot-Brittannië

Engeland, Wales

Lonely Planet

Rough Guides

Fuller, B. / Britain
Marshall Cavendish

Michelin Reisuitgaven

Locke, T. / Engeland
Van Reemst

Parsons, F.S. / Engeland
Van Reemst,

Schaedtler, K. / Highlights van Engeland en Wales

Somerville, C. / Groot-Brittannië

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info