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Climate and Weather

Cities in EGYPT

El gouna Hurghada Makadi bay
Marsa alamSharm el sheikh

Climate and Weather

Egypt has a desert climate with large temperature differences between day and night and between summer and winter.

Desert Climate EgyptDesert Climate EgyptPhoto: Cheesy 42 CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

The weather is very steady; there are two distinct seasons: the hot summer from May to October and the cooler winter from November to April. In the desert, the temperature in summer during the day easily exceeds 38 °C in the shade, with tops of up to 50 °C. This heat escapes at night into the cloudless sky, with the temperature dropping by 10 to 17 °C. The temperature in winter is considerably lower: the average in January is 12-16 °C. The mountain areas in Sinai can be quite cold in December and January, and snow falls in the mountains almost every winter.

The rainfall is very low, Cairo has an average of six rainy days a year, Alexandria thirty. It hardly ever rains in the south of the country. In the spring, depressions now and then sweep Egypt, bringing with them the khamseen, a dry, scorching wind known for its sandstorms. For fifty days (khamseen = 50), from March to May, dangerous sand storms can emerge (wind speeds up to 150 km per hour).

Heavy rainfall in Caïro, EgyptHeavy rainfall in Caïro, EgyptPhoto: Mohamed Hozyen CC 4.0 no changes made

Unlike inland, the Mediterranean coast has rainfall in the winter (100 to 200 mm). The coast also has milder winters and lower summer temperatures than inland, due to the moderating effect of the Mediterranean Sea. The temperature differences between day and night are also not nearly as great.

Alexandria is the coolest place in the country. Average temperatures in January fluctuate between 10.5 and 18 °C, in July between 23 and 29 °C. Alexandria and the western coast of the Delta are also the wettest area in Egypt, with more than a hundred millimeters of rain per year.


Ambros, E. / Egypte
Het Spectrum

Botje, H. / Egypte : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur, milieu
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen

Dunford, J. / Egypte
Van Reemst

Grünfeld, R. / Reishandboek Egypte

Innemee, K. / Egypte

Kreissl, B. / Egypte

Laet, R. de

Rooi, M. de / Egypte

Sattin, A. / Egypte
Van Reemst

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info