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The population of Tunisia was 11,403,800 in 2017. The population density is very variable. The population density is greatest around Tunis and the slightly more southerly Sousse. In the south, on the other hand, very few people live per km2.

Students TunisiaStudents TunisiaPhoto: Magharebia CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

In the coastal areas, the descendants of the Phoenicians, Romans, Normans, Andalusians and Turks live, who have completely mixed with the Arabs and Berbers. The Berbers, about 1% of the population, live in a few small communities in the mountains and on the island of Djerba. Until 1956, the year of independence, nomads or Bedouins lived in the south who lived from livestock farming. In the 1980s there were only about 1,000 left. The rest are now farmers or work in the tourist industry. Jews have always lived in large numbers in Tunisia. Few of them are left, about 2000, and most of them live on the island of Djerba. Also, of the many tens of thousands of Europeans who lived in Tunisia until 1956, very few remain. 69% of the population lives in the cities (2017). The young Tunisians in particular are moving to the cities in large numbers, causing the countryside to age seriously. Major cities in Tunisia are Tunis (2.3 million inhabitants), Kairouan and Sousse.

The average life expectancy is 75.7 years, men 74.1 and women 77.4 years. (2017)


Dominicus, J. / Tunesië

Ruland-Wachters, T. / Reishandboek Tunesië


CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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