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Luxembourg city

Geography and Landscape


The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in Europe. With a surface area of 2,586 km². It lies enclosed between Belgium, France and Germany.

Luxembourg Satellite PhotoLuxembourg Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain


The Grand Duchy roughly consists of two regions. The northern part is called Ösling and belongs to the Ardennes. It is a wooded plateau landscape with some deeply carved river valleys and rocky soil.

The central and southern part of the country is called Gutland or Bon Pays which means "good land". This area has an undulating landscape and the soil is loam and marl, which makes it ideal for farming. The north has an average altitude of 400 to 500 metres with the highest hills being Kneiff (560 metres) and Burgplaatz (559 metres). The middle and south is also a plateau, but with an average height of about 270 metres.

The top of the Kneiff, Luxembourg's highest hillThe top of the Kneiff, Luxembourg's highest hillPhoto: Cornischong from LB CC 3.0 Unported no changes made


Encarta Encycloppedie

Europese Unie
Europees Platform voor het Nederlandse Onderwijs

Fonteyn, G. / Ardennen, Luxemburg
ANWB Media,

Grote Lekturama Wereldatlas, Europa

Smets, P. / Het Groothertogdom Luxemburg

Stoks, F. / Ardennen, Luxemburg

Vermeulen, J.J. / Het Groothertogdom Luxemburg

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated June 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info