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URUGUAY
Population

Cities in URUGUAY

Montevideo

Population

Uruguay had 3,360,148 million inhabitants in 2017. On average, 19 inhabitants live per km2. The Uruguayan population is predominantly white (88%) of mainly Spanish and Italian descent, making it the most homogeneous country in South America; it is estimated that 8% are mestizos and 4% are mulattoes or Africans. Uruguay is the only country in South America that no longer has any indigenous tribe.

Football fans UruguayFootball fans UruguayPhoto: Unknown CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

The population is mainly concentrated in the departments along the Río de la Plata; almost half live in and around the capital Montevideo (1.7 million inhabitants), the main population concentrations are also found in the cities in the west, Salto, Paysandú and Mercedes and in the north Rivera. Approximately 2500 inhabitants per km2 live in the capital Montevideo.
More than 95% of the population lives in the cities. The low birth rate (13 ‰ in 2017) limited annual population growth. Population growth was 0.27% in 2017. More than 20% of the population is younger than 15 years old. The average life expectancy is quite high, 77.4 years. (2017)

Many Uruguayans have left the country in search of more prosperity or because of the dictatorial period. In the period 1963-1975, approximately 180,000 Uruguayans emigrated abroad, mainly to Argentina, but also to the United States, Australia, Spain, Brazil and Venezuela. From 1975 to 1985, during the dictatorship, another 150,000 Uruguayans left (fled) the country.


Sources

Bernhardson, W. / Argentina, Uruguay & Paraguay
Lonely Planet

Haitsma, M. / Uruguay: een landenmap
Novib

Jermyn, L. / Uruguay
Marshall Cavendish

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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