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Plants and Animals

Cities in PORTUGAL

Albufeira Lisbon Porto

Popular destinations PORTUGAL

AlgarveAzoresCosta de lisboa
Costa verdeMadeira

Plants and Animals


Cork oaks PortugalCork oaks PortugalPhoto: Bextrel CC 4.0 International no changes made

Soil type, climate and altitude have a major influence on plant growth. This makes plant growth very diverse. In the mountains and on the high plateaus in the north, the most common trees are birch, chestnut, oak and maple. The vegetation consists mainly of thorn bushes, heather and ferns.

In the south we find cork oaks, eucalyptus and olive trees. Portugal is the largest producer of cork and cork products. Portugal has 30% of all cork oaks in the world. Herbs include rosemary, thyme and lavender.

Red Carnation, PortugalRed Carnation, PortugalPhoto: Rick Kimpel CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

Portugal has quite a few flowers and plants that are considered a national symbol: lavender, sunflower, red carnation and the blue and white hydrangea.


Sardines, PortugalSardines, PortugalPhoto: Notafly CC 4.0 International no changes made

The animal world of Portugal is consistent with that of Spain, but also has a number of African elements, such as the chameleon, genet and mongoose. Mammals include wild boar and wild cat. Deforestation, erosion and inadequately regulated hunting have decimated or extinct (brown bear, monk seal) numerous large animals (wolf, lynx, fallow deer, red deer, roe deer). Nature and environmental protection is still in its infancy. The fish-rich seas around Portugal have been successfully exploited for centuries (sardine, anchovy, cod). Portugal is an important intermediate station for bird migration. Waders, avocets, curlews and godwits are the main migratory birds. There are also eagles, owls, buzzards and guillemots.

Galo de Barcelos, PortugalGalo de Barcelos, PortugalPhoto: Galo Pedrês CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

The national 'animal' of Portugal is the Barcelos rooster (Galo de Barcelos).


Champion,N / Portugal

Dominicus, J / Portugal

Encarta, Encycloprdie

Keuning, T / Portugal

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info