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Geography and Landscape

Basic information
Official languagePortuguese
Area91.982 kmĀ²
Population10,145,066  (2021)
Currencyeuro  (EUR)

Cities in PORTUGAL

Albufeira Lisbon Porto

Popular destinations PORTUGAL

AlgarveAzoresCosta de lisboa
Costa verdeMadeira

Geography and Landscape


The mainland consists of the western edge of the Spanish tableland, that area in Portugal turns west into broad coastal plains. As a result, the country has a remarkably varied landscape, which differs greatly from Spain, the river Tagus (Tejo) forms the important dividing line in the landscape. About half of the area north of the Tagus is above 400 m.

Portugal Satellite photoPortugal Satellite photoPhoto: Public Domain

The land south of the river only reaches that height in very few places. The north is hilly and mountainous with an average altitude of 500-800 m. The highest peaks are found in the central Serra da Estrela, a north-east to south-west running mountain range that reaches a height of nearly 2000 m and ends at the mouth of the Tagus.

Torre Serra de Estrela, mountain range with the highest point in PortugalTorre Serra de Estrela, mountain range with the highest point in PortugalPhoto: Paulo Juntas CC BY-SA 2.5 no changes made

The highest point in Portugal, the 2,351 m high Ponta do Pico, is located on the island of Pico in the Azores, an archipelago belonging to Portugal in the Atlantic Ocean. The valley of the Tagus is a flat area. The 800 km of coastline is mostly flat and sandy and often lined with dunes that enclose lagoons. Near Lisbon with Cabo de Roca the westernmost point of mainland Europe and Cabo de São Vicente with rocky parts.

River Douro in PortugalRiver Douro in PortugalPhoto: Eduzinas CC 4.0 International no changes made

The largest rivers Minho, Douro, Tagus, and Guadiana originate in Spain. The Mondego and Sado are the main rivers that flow entirely within the country's borders.


Champion,N / Portugal

Dominicus, J / Portugal

Encarta, Encycloprdie

Keuning, T / Portugal

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info