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Plants and Animals

Cities in MONACO

Monaco city

Plants and Animals


Due to Monaco's small size and high degree of urbanisation, there is not much original flora. Only in the foothills of the Alps is there some subtropical vegetation.

Jardin Exotique MonacoJardin Exotique MonacoPhoto: Tangopaso in the public domain

The Jardin Exotique, where more than 6,000 different species of plants have been collected, including a large number of cacti (such as bullet cacti, prickly pear cacti and columnar cacti), succulents (the largest collection of rock succulents in the world) and furthermore yucas, agaves, aloes and dragon trees, is very special. Each year, an extensive list of cactus and succulent seeds is sent to more than 500 botanical gardens around the world. Seeds are also exchanged with about 50 countries.

Bougainvillea, MonacoBougainvillea, MonacoPhoto: Matt H. Wade CC 3.0 no changes made

Furthermore, there is the usual Mediterranean flora with bougainvillea, oleanders and palm trees.


There is not much to say about Monaco's animal world either. The Musée Océanographique de Monaco, founded in 1910 by Prince Albert I, is a museum of marine biology and a leading research institution. The museum was headed for many years by the famous Jacques Cousteau.

Musée Océanographique, Monaco Musée Océanographique, MonacoPhoto: M. Dagnino CC 3.0 no changes made

Its 90 aquariums are home to hundreds of thousands of specimens of deep-sea fish and Mediterranean marine fauna of about 350 species. Special features are a very large aquarium with sharks and stingrays and a rare living coral reef.


Côte d’Azur

Eck, N. van / Provence, Côte d’Azur

Gauldie, R. / Provence & Côte d’Azur
Van Reemst

Noe, B.A. / Provence en Côte d’Azur

Provence, Côte d’Azur

Simons, J. / Minilanden : een presentatie van de vijf kleinste landen ter wereld: Vaticaanstad, Monaco, Nauru, Tuvalu, San Marino

Zwijnenburg, H. / Provence, Côte d’Azur

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Last updated June 2024
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