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Geography and Landscape

Basic information
Official languageFrench
Area2 km²
Population39,717  (2021)
Currencyeuro  (EUR)

Cities in MONACO

Monaco city

Geography and Landscape


The Principality of Monaco (official name: La Principauté de Monaco) is located on the southern coast of France, near the Italian border (15 km) and 18 km east of the French resort of Nice.

Monaco Satellite PhotoMonaco Satellite PhotoPhoto:Public domain

Monaco is almost entirely enclosed by the French municipalities of Cap d'Ail, La Turbie, Beausoleil and Roquebrune Cap-Martin in the Alpes-Maritimes department. Monaco is so fully built up that it merges imperceptibly with the French town of Beausoleil. The surface area of Monaco is 195 ha, of which 40 ha have been drained in the last 20 years. This makes Monaco the second smallest independent country in Europe after Vatican City. Monaco has a length of 3.2 km and a width of 135 to 910 metres. The coastline measures a total of 4100 metres.


Monaco is actually a peninsula with a small natural harbour (20 ha large and 27 m deep).

Monaco lies at the foot and against the terraced slopes of the 573 m high rock 'Tête de Chien'. Monaco-Ville is the oldest district and lies on the 60 m high rock 'Le Rocher'.

Tête de Chien, MonacoTête de Chien, MonacoPhoto: DarioSpagnolo CC 1.0 Generic no changes made

Monaco also consists of a strip of land on the coast, where the rocky ground of Alpes-Maritimes changes into artificial sandy beaches. There are also some caves here (les Grottes de l'Observatoire), the only ones in Europe where it gets warmer the further you descend.


Côte d’Azur

Eck, N. van / Provence, Côte d’Azur

Gauldie, R. / Provence & Côte d’Azur
Van Reemst

Noe, B.A. / Provence en Côte d’Azur

Provence, Côte d’Azur

Simons, J. / Minilanden : een presentatie van de vijf kleinste landen ter wereld: Vaticaanstad, Monaco, Nauru, Tuvalu, San Marino

Zwijnenburg, H. / Provence, Côte d’Azur

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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