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ISRAEL
Climate and Weather

Cities in ISRAEL

EilatJerusalem

Climate and Weather

Israel's location between the Mediterranean and the desert largely determines the weather. Israel has no fewer than four climate zones, from Mediterranean to desert climate. Most of Israel can be divided into two seasons, the hot, dry summer and the cold, wet winter.

Snow in Jerusalem, IsraelSnow in Jerusalem, IsraelPhoto: Pikiwiki Israel CC 2.5 Generic no changes made

For example, temperatures in Jerusalem can drop to 5°C (lowest temperature ever recorded in Israel: -7°C) with sometimes even snow, while in the area around the Dead Sea the temperature can reach 45°C. There is also regular snow in the mountainous areas of Northern Galilee.

Western Israel has a Mediterranean climate with dry, hot summers and mild, damp winters. The el Ghor rift in the east receives less than 200 mm of rain per year and therefore has a desert climate.

In summer, temperatures often reach over 40°C locally, especially when the "hamsin" (Hebrew: sharav), a desert wind, blows from the east.

Hamsin, IsraelHamsin, IsraelPhoto: Zeeveev CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

The summer heat is tempered during the day by the daily sea breeze from the west; the cooling at night is often so strong that dense mists and heavy dew occur. The hottest areas of Israel are Eilat, the Arava Valley in the Negev Desert, the lowest areas of the Jordan Valley (highest recorded temperature ever: 54° ), the valley of Bet Shean the shores of Lake Tiberias in summer and the dead Sea.

The winter rain usually falls in three periods: the early rain after the dry summer in October and November, the winter rain, in heavy showers, alternating with periods of sunshine and the late rain in March and April. The average annual rainfall is about 600 mm and decreases from north to south and from west to east.

Most rain falls between November and April; in the area around Mount Hermon up to 1000 mm per year falls, while in Eilat, in the south, there is usually less than 50 mm of rainfall per year. Northern Galilee has about 70 days of rain per year, in Jerusalem and in the mountains of Judea it rains for about 50 days and in the Negev desert it rains for about 10 days.

Climate tables:

Tel Aviv
janfebmaraprmayjunjulaugsepoctnovdec
daytime temperature18°C1921232628303131282420
night temperature8°C911131619212221171411
water temperature18°C1718192224272827252220
rainy days p / m1513123100015915
hours of sunshine per day67791112121210986
humidity57%5856575961626056565659
Eilat
janfebmaraprmayjunjulaugsepoctnovdec
daytime temperature21°C2326313638394037332823
night temperature10°C1114181724262625211612
water temperature22°C2121232526272828272523
rainy days p / m112100000111
hours of sunshine per day78891012121110987
humidity39%4038302820132427343842

Sources

Cahill, M.J. / Israel
Chelsea House Publishers

Gerhard, C. / Israël
Van Reemst

Griver, S. / Israël : inclusief de Palestijnse Autonome Gebieden
Kosmos-Z&K

Groeneveld, M. / Israël: een leesboek
Boekencentrum

Het Heilig Land
Standaard

Rauch, M. / Israël
ANWB

Sanger, A. / Israël
Van Reemst

Semsek, H.-G. / Israël : Westelijke-Jordaanoever, excursies naar Jordanië
Het Spectrum

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated December 2022
Copyright: Team The World of Info