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Vacations and Sightseeing

Basic information
Official languageEnglish
Area22,966 kmĀ²
Population404,914  (2021)
CurrencyBelize dollar  (BZD)

Vacations and Sightseeing

Belize Underwater WorldBelize Underwater WorldPhoto: Jayhem CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

The only English-speaking country in Central America is Belize, a country with a tropical climate, a rich (Mayan) history and beautiful, largely untouched nature.

Belize is a true underwater paradise for diving enthusiasts, who with a bit of luck will see whale sharks, reef sharks, turtles, manatees and dolphins. But also the tropical jungle and the approx. 280 kilometers long coastline with white palm beaches attract many tourists. Much of the Mayan culture can still be found in the south and west of the country, many caves and underground passages can be visited for the active and the more adventurous people. Off the coast of Belize is the second largest barrier reef in the world and the longest in the Northern Hemisphere, surrounded by a huge number of coral islands. Here is also the UNESCO World Heritage Site 'The Great Blue Hole', a hundred meters deep underwater cave.

Caracol Belize Caracol BelizePhoto: Pgbk87 CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

The ruins of the Mayan city of Caracol, located in the Chiquibul Forest Reserve, were not discovered until 1938 and are intended to be as much of a tourist attraction as the Mayan ruins (25 temples and palaces) of Xunantunich, now one of the Belize's most famous landmarks. The architectural legacy of the Maya can also be admired at places like Altun Ha and Lamanai. The main tourist centers on the coast are Ambegris Caye, the reggae island of Caye Caulker for a beautiful diving holiday and Plancencia with the famous Garifuña beach and the Cocksomb jaguar reserve.

Thousand Foot Falls in BelizeThousand Foot Falls in BelizePhoto: Pgbk87 CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Inland it is San Ignacio with the Mountain Pine Ridge nature reserve, an environment with a pine forest, caves, waterfalls (including Hidden Valley Falls with the highest waterfall in Central America, the Thousand Foot Falls), mahogany forests, the newly discovered Maya cave Chechem Ha Mayan and Mayan ruins of the Cahal Pech palace complex.

Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary is ideally suited for bird watchers, with a deluge of migratory birds between November and March. For nature lovers, there are Guanacaste National Park and Barton Creek Cave, where a boat excursion on an underground river can be booked.



Bradbury, A. / Belize

Eltringham, P. / The rough guide to Belize
Rough Guides

Mallan, C. / Belize handbook
Moon Publications

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated April 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info