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Population density Nigerian statesPopulation density Nigerian statesPhoto: Marcel Krüger CC BY-SA 3.0 no changes made

Nigeria is home to 190,632,261 people (2017 estimate). The population density is slightly more than 206 inhabitants per square kilometer.

The natural population growth is 2.43%. (2017)

Birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 36.9 (2017)

Mortality rate per 1000 inhabitants is 12.4 (2017)

Life expectancy is 53.8 years, men 52.8 and women 55 years (2017)

Population composition:

The 3 largest population groups are the Hausa 29%, Yoruba 21% and the Ibo 18%. In addition, there are about 250 different ethnic groups.


English, is the official language of Nigeria. But Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo and Fulfulde and more than 500 other tribal languages are also spoken in Nigeria. In general, English is most commonly spoken in urban areas, the indigenous languages are mainly spoken in rural areas. In Nigeria, languages of the three major African language families exist: Afroasiatic, Nilo-Sahara and Niger-Congo.


Religious and Ethnic map of NigeriaReligious and Ethnic map of NigeriaPhoto: Khiram CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

In Nigeria, the division into religious denominations is as follows: Muslims (50%), Christians (40%) and indigenous religions (10%). The north is predominantly Islamic and the south Christian. There are many religious tensions between Christians and Muslims. In twelve northern provinces, civil law has been replaced by Islamic Sharia.


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated June 2024
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