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Plants and Animals

Cities in NEPAL


Plants and Animals


In total there are more than 6,500 types of flowers, plants, shrubs and trees in Nepal. The vegetation in Nepal is mainly determined by the height differences. The swampy plain is largely covered with jungles.

Nepal VegetationNepal VegetationPhoto: Biplav09 CC 4.0 International no changes made

Originally, the Himalayan promontory was covered with mixed forests, but most of this has been cleared for agriculture and fuel. Common plants and trees here are the Cypress, Larch and the Rhododendron, which is also the national plant of Nepal.

Rhododendron national flower of NepalRhododendron national flower of NepalPhoto: Spencer Weart CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Above a height of 2700 meters mainly conifers grow, above a height of 4050 meters there is an alpine vegetation.


Due to the rich variation in the landscape, the fauna is also very varied.

Eagle NepalEagle NepalPhoto: Krishna Prajapati in het publieke domein

Nepal is best known for the wide variety of birds. About 10% of the bird species known to us come for this. These include storks, pheasants, various prey birds (including eagles, falcons and vultures), cuckoos and owls.

Yak, NepalYak, NepalPhoto:Sergei Askmarin CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Mammals such as elephants, leopards, rhinoceroses, tigers, monkeys, deer live in Nepal. At higher altitudes, the fauna also becomes more and more alpine, including wild sheep, goats, yaks and bears.

Reptiles and insects are also present in Nepal, such as crocodiles, snakes, butterflies, mosquitoes and bees.

River dolphins NepalRiver dolphins NepalPhoto: Jiaming Liu CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

In 2002, it was announced Nepal is concerned about losing its rare river dolphins. Due to environmental pollution and increasing population growth, the animals, which occur in only four rivers in the country, are at risk of extinction. A few years ago, 250 swam in Nepalese waters, now there are only a hundred. The rare dolphins live in the Kailali district, almost 500 kilometers west of the capital Kathmandu.


Encarta Ecyclopedie

Finlay, H / Nepal
Lonely Planet


CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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