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LIECHTENSTEIN
Geography and Landscape

Basic information
Official languageGerman
CapitalVaduz
Area160 km²
Population38,313  (2021)
CurrencySwiss franc  (CHF)
Web.li
Code.LIE
Tel.+423

Cities in LIECHTENSTEIN

Vaduz

Geography and Landscape

Geography

The Principality of Liechtenstein (officially: Fürstentum Liechtenstein) is located in Central Europe and borders Austria to the north and east (34.9 km) and Switzerland to the south and west (41.1 km). In the west, the Rhine Valley forms a natural border with Switzerland.

Liechtenstein Satellite PhotoLiechtenstein Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain

Liechtenstein's surface area is 160 km2, which makes it the fourth smallest state in Europe, only Vatican City, Monaco and San Marino are smaller. Liechtenstein measures a maximum of 24.5 km from north to south and 12.4 km from east to west.

Landscape

The landscape of Liechtenstein is very hilly. In the north there is a low plateau, where also the lowest point of Liechtenstein can be found, namely Ruggeller Riet (430 metres). This valley zone covers approximately 25% of the total area and lies at an altitude of between 430 and 480 metres.

Approximately 40% of the area is taken up by the slopes on the side of the Rhine valley. These steep slopes are heavily wooded.

The highest peak in Liechtenstein is the Vorder-Grauspitze at 2599 metres and is located in the Alpine zone, which covers about 35% of Liechtenstein's territory. The alpine valleys here run from north to south. In the Rhaetian Mountains on the southern border, the highest peaks are the Falknis (2560 m) and the Naafkopf (2570 m).

Vorder-Grauspitz, highest mountain in LiechtensteinVorder-Grauspitz, highest mountain in LiechtensteinnPhoto: Svickova in the public domain

Highest mountain peaks

Grauspitze2599 m
Schwarzhorn2574 m
Naafkopf2570 m
Falknis2560 m
Falknishorn2452 m
Augenstern2359 m
Plasteikopf2346 m
Gorfion2308 m
Ochsenkopf2286 m
Hochspielerm2226 m

Sources

Economische Voorlichtingsdienst

Encarta Encyclopedie

Winter, R. de / Basisinformatie Liechtenstein
Liechtensteinse Vriendenkring

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated March 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info