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Vacations and Sightseeing

Basic information
Official languageSpanish
Area110.860 kmĀ²
Population11,315,134  (2021)
CurrencyCuban peso  (CUP)

Cities in CUBA


Vacations and Sightseeing

Tourism was strongly stimulated in the late 1980s through the construction and renovation of hotels and the improvement of infrastructure. The sector is set to become the second largest source of foreign exchange. Cuba receives a quarter of a million visitors annually, worth $1 billion in foreign exchange. In 2004, more than two million tourists visited the country for the first time. The 10% growth in the tourism sector more than compensated for the negative effects of the energy crisis and the tightening of the US embargo, as well as the damage caused by two hurricanes in the autumn.

Havana (in Spanish: La Habana) is the capital and the main port of Cuba. The Fortaleza San Carlos de la Cabaña is a fortress on the eastern side of Havana Bay. La Cabaña is the most impressive fortress from the colonial era, very special are the walls that were built at the end of the 18th century. Havana is a very attractive city in terms of architecture thanks to its more than five hundred years of existence. The long history can be seen in the city's beautiful architecture from different historical periods. Neoclassism was introduced to the city in the 1840s. During the first decades of the 20th century, Havana expanded faster than at any time in its history. The city acquired great wealth and became important as a tourist destination, so new architectural styles influenced from abroad began to appear. The peak of neoclassicism came with the construction of the Vedado district. In 1927, the Art Deco movement was applied in Havana with the construction of the Miramar housing estate. The Edificio Bacardi (1930) is the best example of Art Deco architecture and the first major Art Deco building in the city, followed by the Hotel Nacional de Cuba (1930) and the Lopez Serrano building, built in 1932. In the 1950s, large office buildings and flat blocks were built, which dramatically changed the city's skyline. Read more on the Havana page.


Baijer,M / Cuba

Cuba : a short history
Cambridge University Press

Encarta Encyclopedie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated June 2024
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