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Over the centuries, the population of Zanzibar has become a melting pot of cultures: Zanzibar has been home for shorter or longer periods of time to Egyptians, Phoenicians, Persians, Chinese, Arabs, Indians and Europeans, among others. Small groups of people from Goa, India and Pakistan still live there today, working mainly in trade and tourism.
The current population can be roughly divided into three groups: the Wahadimu on South and Central Zanzibar Island, the Watumbatu on Tumbatu Island and North Zanzibar Island and the Wapemba on Pemba.
A total of approximately 1.3 million people live on the Zanzibar Archipelago (2017), with approximately 900,000 living on Unguja alone. The islands are relatively densely populated.
The majority of the population of the main island of Unguja lives in the capital Zanzibar City on the western side of Unguja. Zanzibar City is the third largest city in Tanzania after Dar es Salaam and Mwanza.
Else, D. / Zanzibar
Finke, J. / Tanzania
Fitzpatrick, M. / Tanzania
Heale, J. / Tanzania
Skinner, A. / Tanzania & Zanzibar
CIA - World Factbook
BBC - Country Profiles
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