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More than 95% of the inhabitants of Zanzibar are Muslims, especially Sunni Muslims. Almost every town and village has a mosque.

The rest of the population consists of Christians, Hindus and some other religions. In Zanzibar City there are also some churches and temples; the most important ones are the Anglican Cathedral 'Church of Christ' and the Catholic Church St. Joseph.

On Zanzibar, but even more so on Pemba, the shetani culture (shetani = spirit) is alive and well. Shetanis are creatures from another world, living between humans and animals, but invisible and often with less pleasant intentions.


Else, D. / Zanzibar

Finke, J. / Tanzania
Rough Guides

Fitzpatrick, M. / Tanzania
Lonely Planet

Heale, J. / Tanzania
Marshall Cavendish

Skinner, A. / Tanzania & Zanzibar

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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