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Cities in WALES


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13 century church Wales13 century church WalesPhoto: Rhodri Jones CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

Christianity arrived in Wales in the 5th century. Until the mid-18th century, the vast majority of the Welshmen were members of the Anglican church. From 1735, the Church of England was fought from the inside out by the methodists, who emphasized piety, simplicity and poverty.

In 1811, after a split from the Church of England, the Welsh Methodists founded the Calvinist-Methodist Church, which today is referred to as the Presbyterian Church of Wales and is again part of the Church of England. Nonconformist groups such as Baptists, Unitarians and Wesleyans also grew explosively due to their social and educational activities.

At the time, the Anglican Church and many of its believers lost, but it was not until 1914 that the Church of England lost its position as a state church. In 1920, the remaining Anglicans founded the Church in Wales, an autonomous ecclesiastical province within the global Anglican Church with six dioceses and its own archbishop.

The number of Roman Catholics, mainly living in the Northeast, has increased to about 60,000 since World War II. The aforementioned non-conformist churches and groups fell sharply in membership. Small religious groups of Buddhists, Hindus, Jews, Sikhs and Muslims live in the major cities of Cardiff, Newport and Swansea.


Beeftink, A. / Zuid-Engeland en Wales
Van Reemst

Berkien, G. / Wales

Berkien, G. / Wales

Danse, W. / Midden-Engeland en Wales

Fröhlich, D. / Wales

Hendriksen, B. / Wales
Van Reemst

Hestler, A. / Wales
Marshall Cavendish

King, J. / Wales
Lonely Planet

Westphal, U. / Wales
Van Reemst

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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