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Climate and Weather



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Isla margarita

Climate and Weather

Venezuela lies with its southern point just above the equator and thus has a tropical climate with an average temperature of 27 ° C, which is characteristic of a tropical climate. Venezuela actually does not know seasons, although there is talk of invierno (winter) and verano (summer), but that only refers to the rainy season and the dry season.

Climate zones of VenezuelaClimate zones of VenezuelaPhoto: Gabriel Sánchez Dávila CC 4.0 International no changes made

Most of Venezuela lies in the “tierra caliente”, the hot climate zone. Here the sun shines almost every day and the temperatures rise to an average of 30°C. This climate occurs on the coast, the Llanos, on the islands and in the Maracaibo basin. Trade winds ensure that the heat on the islands and on the coast is tolerable. In the Orinoco delta and the Amazon region, it is hardly cured due to the very high humidity. This climate zone reaches up to approx. 800 meters altitude.

The “tierra templada” is a temperate zone between 800 and 2000 meters altitude. The average temperature is almost always around 20°C. In the Cordillera de la Costa, where the capital Caracas is located, there is mainly a kind of misty climate. Warm air from the plains or from the Caribbean Sea condenses on the slopes and often creates mist that makes the climate a bit more pleasant. The cold zone, the “tierra fria” is located between 2000 and 3000 meters altitude with temperatures between 10 and 16°C.

Above 3500 meters lies the “tierra helada”, the frost and ice zone. On the Andean peaks, the temperature regularly drops well below 10°C. Eternal snow is around 5000 meters altitude.

The rainy season lasts from about mid-April to the beginning of November when there are often short but heavy tropical downpours at night, with large amounts of water coming down. Caracas has an average annual temperature of 19.6° and an annual rainfall of 810 mm; these figures are 27.0 C and 490 mm respectively for La Guaira on the coast north of Caracas and 19.6°C and 920 mm respectively for Ciudad Bolívar on the Orinoco. The Amazonas region has an average rainfall of more than 2000 mm per year. During the European winter it is summer in Venezuela and therefore drier.


Dydyñski, K. / Venezuela
Lonely Planet

Ferguson, J. / Venezuela : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur

Launspach, W. / Reishandboek Venezuela, Margarita

Morrison, M. / Venezuela
Chelsea House Publishers

O’Bryan, L. / Venezuela, Isla Margarita

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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