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State structure

Assembly room of the Parliament of MaliAssembly room of the Parliament of MaliPhoto: Laurent Schaffer CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Under the 1974 constitution, Mali was a one-party state. This constitution only came into effect in 1979 and was suspended again after the fall of the Traoré regime in 1991. In this system, the president was both head of state and government. In 1992, the third republic began with a new constitution and democratic elections were held for the first time. Since that time, Mali has been a multi-party state. Parliament elections are held every five years. 129 seats are available for the dozens of political parties. Thirteen of these are also intended for Malians abroad. More information about the current political situation can be found in the chapter history.

Administrative division

Districts of MaliDistricts of MaliPhoto: Public domain

Mali is divided into eight districts and the capital district of Bamako. The districts are Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Mopti, Ségou, Sikasso and Timbuktu.


School class in MaliSchool class in MaliPhoto: RudolfSimon CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Education is in a sad condition in Mali. In 1995, 60.6% of men were illiterate and 76.9% of women. Only about 25% of the children who should attend school actually go to school every day. Approx. 7% of the children who attend primary education then enter secondary education. In 1997/98 there were 2511 primary schools with 10,583 teachers and approximately 860,000 students. In the same school year, approximately 188,000 attended secondary education. Higher professional training can only be followed in Bamako. In November 1996 the first university in Mali opened its doors: the Lúniversité du Mali.


Te gast in Mali
Verre Reizen

Velton, R. / Mali

Vlugt, B. / Mali

Westen, G. van / Mali : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated June 2024
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