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ESWATINI
Geography and Landscape

Basic information
Official languageEngels / siSwati
CapitalMbabane
Area17.364 kmĀ²
Population1,180,174  (2021)
Currencylilangeni  (SZL)
Web.sz
Code.SZL
Tel.+268

Geography and Landscape

Geography

Eswatini is located in Southern Africa between the neighbouring countries of Mozambique and South Africa. The surface area of Eswatini is 17,363 square kilometres.

Eswatini Satellite PhotoEswatini Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public Domain

Landscape

In a small area, there is a striking variety of landscapes, such as marshland, green hills and subtropical, savannahs and jagged rocks. There are four regions that vary in altitude from 400 to 1800 metres. From west to east these are: Highgveld, Middleveld, Lowveld and Lubombo.

Typical landscape EswatiniTypical landscape EswatiniPhoto: Sara Atkins CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

The rocky Highveld has an impressive landscape with waterfalls and rivers in deeply carved valleys. Timber plantations and mining make this region of great economic importance. The densely populated Middleveld (700 - 800 m) is the heart of Eswatini. Thanks to fertile soil and a subtropical climate, most agricultural areas can be found here. The savannahs of the Lowveld are dry and warm. This makes this region suitable for cultivating sugar, pineapple and citrus fruits. The mountainous Lubombo region, which borders Mozambique, is lush green and rich in flora and fauna. Lubombo is sparsely populated and rarely visited.

Climate and Weather

The climate varies from (sub)tropical to temperate in the highest parts of Eswatini. The average daily temperature is between 15 and 22 degrees Celsius. In the higher parts of the country there is a lot of cloud and fog. The temperature can drop to around freezing point there.

Plants and Animals

Plants

About 2,600 different plants and trees have been counted in the national parks, some of which are unique to this part of Africa. The following species are found, among others: aloe, arum, pine, eucalyptus, gladiolus, muninga and orchid. The national tree of Eswatini is the marula tree.

Animals

There are many animals to see in Eswatini. Zebras, leopards, impalas, elephants, antelopes, divers, waterbucks, wildebeests, rhinos, hippos, cevats and crocodiles are examples of the rich fauna. Poisonous snakes also occur, including the black mamba, the viper and the cobra. The national bird of Eswatini is the Glossy-tailed toucan.

Sources

Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated February 2023
Copyright: Team The World of Info