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CZECH REPUBLIC
Vacations and Sightseeing

Basic information
Official languageCzech
CapitalPrague
Area78.866 km²
Population10,743,816  (2021)
CurrencyCzech koruna  (CZK)
Web.cz
Code.CZE
Tel.+420

Cities in CZECH REPUBLIC

Prague

Vacations and Sightseeing

Tourism is becoming increasingly important for the Czech economy. There are many hiking trails and the Giant Mountains offer good winter sports opportunities. There are also a number of traditional spas, of which Karlovy Vary and Marianske Lazne are the best known.

Furthermore, tourism is concentrated mainly in Prague and the surrounding region, which accounts for about 70% of all visitors. Unfortunately, there is still no coordinated planning and policy regarding tourism. It is often left to the local government, which has little knowledge of it either. Most accommodations hardly meet western standards.

The most interesting city in the country is undoubtedly Prague; in Moravia it is the old university town of Olomouc with many historical buildings. Interesting cities in Bohemia are Tábor (at the beginning of the 15th century an important centre of the Hussite movement; the catacomb system, through which the houses of this city were connected, also dates from that time), in the south Ceský Krumlov, in the south-east Telc and in the east Kutná Hora.

Some of the Czech towns have become famous as seaside resorts. The best known are Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad) and Mariánské Lázne (Marienbad) in western Bohemia and Luhacovice in eastern Moravia.

The country has many different types of castles and chateaus. In the vicinity of Prague are, among others, Karlštejn (the most important Gothic castle), Krivoklát (the hunting lodge of the Czech kings) and the castle Konopište (with a unique collection of hunting trophies). The South Bohemian castle Hluboká nad Vltavou is built in Tudor style. In Moravia the Gothic castle Pernštejn and the Baroque castles of Valtice and Ždár nad Sázavou are famous.

As for nature, the Czech Republic offers very different types of landscapes. In South Bohemia, there are extensive plateaus with artificial lakes (created in the 16th century) and (recently) created reservoirs, like the one at Lipno, a centre of summer tourism. In North Bohemia, there are several centres of mainly winter tourism, such as in Krkonoše (Giant Mountains) or in the Jizerské Mountains. Near the city of Jicín are the Prachovské skály, a vast complex of bizarre sandstone rocks. The Jeseníky Mountains in northern Moravia are also visited most often in winter. In lower-lying Central Moravia there is the so-called Moravský kras, a nature reserve with many stalactite caves and the 138 m deep Macocha gorge.

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Sources

Mandos, M. / Tsjechië
ANWB

Schneider, J. / Tsjechië
Kosmos-Z&K

Sioras, E. / Czech Republic
Marshall Cavendish

Tsjechië, Slowakije
Lannoo

Wilson, N. / Czech & Slovak Republics
Lonely Planet

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated January 2023
Copyright: Team The World of Info