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The Czech Republic had a population of 10,674,723 in 2017. The population consists of 64.3% Czechs, 5% Moravians and 1.4% Slovaks, while the country also has a number of ethnic minorities, namely Germans, Poles, Hungarians. None of these three ethnic groups make up more than 0.5% of the population. Another minority in the Czech Republic are the Gypsies or Roma. This population group has to endure a lot of discrimination and prejudice, which is why only 0.3% of the population consider themselves to belong to this group. However, the number of Roma must be much higher, estimates range from 2.4 to 2.9%. Under pressure from the European Commission, the Czech government is trying to improve the situation.

The present composition of the population of the Czech Republic is the result of the radical changes after 1945, during which the ethnic minorities have largely disappeared. In 1930, there were still 3.3 million Germans and more than 200,000 Jews living in the country. Today, Germans make up only 0.4% of the total population and only a very small proportion of Jews remain. Other minority groups have also decreased significantly in number since the war.

The population growth rate in 2017 was 0.12%.

The number of children born per 1000 inhabitants fell from 12.6 in 1990 to 9.3 in 2017. The mortality rate decreased from 12.5 per 1000 inhabitants to 10.5 in 2001. Life expectancy at birth is 75.8 years for men and 81.9 years for women. (2017)

The population structure in 2017 was as follows:

0-14 years 15.3%

15-64 years 65.7%

65+ 19%

About 74 % of the population lives in urbanised areas. The rural population density is approximately 135 people per km2. The highest population density can be found in the industrial areas of North Bohemia, the lowest along the border of South Bohemia. The largest city is Prague with 1.3 million inhabitants (2017).


Mandos, M. / Tsjechiƫ

Schneider, J. / Tsjechiƫ

Sioras, E. / Czech Republic
Marshall Cavendish

Tsjechiƫ, Slowakije

Wilson, N. / Czech & Slovak Republics
Lonely Planet

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info