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Cities in CYPRUS

Nicosia (lefkosia)Paphos

Geography and Landscape


Cyprus (in Greek: Kypriaki Dimokrata, in Turkish: Kibris Cumhuriyeti) is the easternmost island in the Mediterranean. Turkey is at 72 km, Egypt at 350 km. After Sicily and Sardinia, Cyprus is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.

Cyprus Satellite PhotoCyprus Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain

The surface area of Cyprus is 9250 km2. The Kyrenia Mountains are located in the north and consist mainly of limestone. The highest altitude is about 1000 metres and the mountain range is notable for its jagged edges and sharp peaks. Apart from Kyrenia, there are no other harbours here.


Mount Olympus, CyprusMount Olympus, CyprusPhoto: Dickelbers, CC BY-SA 3.0 no changes made

In the south-west are the Troödos Mountains with Olympus (1953 m) as the highest peak on the island. This mountain range is much more undulating and climbs gradually to almost 2000 metres. Between these two mountain massifs lies the Mesaoria, a very fertile plain. The south and east coasts have wide bays and several harbours can be found here: Famagusta, Paphos, Larnaka and Limassol. Cyprus has no real rivers. Most of them are mountain streams that only have water in the spring.

In ancient times Cyprus was densely forested, but at the beginning of this century the mountain slopes were almost bare due to deforestation and forest fires. Reforestation has restored almost one fifth of the island. Cyprus got its name from the copper trade in ancient times. Kypros means copper in Greek.


Bulmer, R. / Cyprus Kosmos-Z&K

Het Spectrum

Haan-van de Wiel, W.H. de / Cyprus Gottmer

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Last updated May 2024
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