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Approx. 25% of the population still adheres to indigenous nature religions, which, however, are often mixed with other religions. A number of tribes are almost unaffected by other religions, especially the Maasai. Their god is called Engai and the main sacred site is on the still active volcano Ol Doinyo Lengai, “the Mountain of God”.

Mosque in Tanga, TanzaniaMosque in Tanga, TanzaniaPhoto: Gordon Greenall CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

The percentage of Muslims is approximately 35, on the island of Zanzibar even 95% of the population is Muslim. The first mosque was built in 1107 and Zanzibar currently has about fifty mosques. On the mainland, most Muslims live in the coastal areas.

Hindus are mainly found in Dar es Salaam among the Asian population.

The number of Christians, who can be found mainly in the interior, is estimated at 46%, of which 33% are Roman Catholic and 13% Anglican, Presbyterian, Orthodox and Lutheran.


Heale, J. / Tanzania
Marshall Cavendish


Vlugt, B. / Kenia, Tanzania, Zanzibar

Waard, P. de / Reishandboek Tanzania

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated June 2024
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