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Cities in SWEDEN



Swedes celebrate midsummerSwedes celebrate midsummerPhoto: Bent Nyman CC 4.0 Generic no changes made

Sweden has 9,960,487 million inhabitants in 2017.

The Swedish population is among the most characteristic representatives of the Nordic race, the characteristics of which are: tall slender stature, narrow skull, blond hair and blue eyes. Relatively very little mixing with other subraces has occurred in Sweden. The number of foreigners increased sharply during and after the Second World War, reaching almost 2 million in 2014. Finns are the largest group historically. Relatively many refugees from war zones have been admitted to Sweden.

Sweden is one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe, but there are large regional differences in population density. The average population density per km2 is about 22, but in the far north of the country the density is 3 inhabitants per km2 and in the urban area around Stockholm more than 250 inhabitants per km2. More than a third of the total population lives in the urban areas of Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. About 87% of the population lives in an urbanized area. Cities in the north hardly ever have more than 20,000 inhabitants.

The average life expectancy is 82.1 years, men 80.2 and women 84.2 years. (2017)

The only significant indigenous minority is formed by the approximately 15,000 Sami (Lappen) in the north, who differ from the other Swedes in terms of physical characteristics as well as in language and culture.

The Samen (Lappen) have lived in the north of Sweden since prehistoric times. Only 10-15% of the Sami are still living in the traditional way. Some together are reindeer keepers. Most, however, make a living from forestry, agriculture and fishing.


Best, J. / Zweden

Carlsson, B. / Zweden

Danse, W. / Zweden

Europese Unie
Europees Platform voor het Nederlandse Onderwijs

Meesters, G. / Zweden

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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