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Plants and Animals

Cities in SWEDEN


Plants and Animals


Woods SwedenWoods SwedenPhoto: Arto Kemppainen in the public domain

Sweden is about half covered with forests, mainly pine, spruce and larch. In the south the beech predominates in the woods. The oak is still found as far as Central Sweden. Further north still the birch and in the most northern regions the dwarf birch. The tree line drops from 900 to 1000 m above sea level in Dalarna to about 500 m above sea level at the border between Swedish and Norwegian Lapland.

Poppies SwedenPoppies SwedenPhoto: Per Olav Wiberg CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

In summer practically the entire country is covered with flowers, especially poppies, cornflowers, daisies and all kinds of wild flowers. About 2000 plant species occur in Sweden. In many places the feast is blown; blueberries and raspberries are common in the wild. On the islands of Öland and Gotland you will find special vegetation. This is due to the limestone soil that retains the sun's heat well. For example, peach, mulberry and walnut grow in sheltered places. About thirty types of orchids are also very special.


Moose SwedenMoose SwedenPhoto: Dickelbers CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

The moose occurs in large numbers in swampy, wooded areas. Large herds of reindeer belonging to Lapland families roam in Lapland. Rare animals are the brown bear, wolf, lynx and wolverine. In central and southern Sweden there are quite a lot of small game such as martens, weasels and foxes. Snowshoe hares, arctic foxes and lemmings live in the north. Sweden has more than 300 bird species. All kinds of gulls, ducks and terns live on the seashore. Harriers, grebes and teal live near the lakes. In the woods capercaillie, black grouse, woodpeckers and owls occur. Common birds of prey are eagles, falcons, owls, buzzards and sparrowhawks. Woodpeckers, bullfinches, ravens and hooded crows live in the coniferous forests.

European Crane SwedenEuropean Crane SwedenPhoto: Harry geurts CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Sweden is very important as a breeding ground for many bird species of the north; of these, the European crane is undoubtedly the most striking. Swedish rivers and lakes are bursting with fish. In the northern waters a lot of perch, pike, salmon and trout. Along the coasts tuna, herring, mackerel, cod and strömming (Baltic herring). There are also three types of snakes (including the adder) and three types of lizards in Sweden.

A large number of national parks and reserves are spread across the country; the most famous is the Abisko National Park located in Lapland.


Best, J. / Zweden

Carlsson, B. / Zweden

Danse, W. / Zweden

Europese Unie
Europees Platform voor het Nederlandse Onderwijs

Meesters, G. / Zweden

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated June 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info