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Montenegrins speak a variation of Serbo-Croatian, Jekavian, which, however, is also very similar to Croatian and Bosnian.

Differences with Serbo-Croatian are the use of two extra letters in Jekavian and the frequent use of proverbs, metaphors and metaphorical language.

The Latin alphabet is used, but especially in the interior, Cyrillic is still widely used. Both alphabets are equal for the constitution.

Along the coast, a number of dialects are spoken: Paštrovici, spoken by a tribe in the area around Petrova, and Budva, spoken in and around Petrovac. Because of marriages outside the own group, these languages are slowly dying out.

Albanian-speaking Montenegrins live mainly along the east coast of the country. English as a second language has replaced Russian in the schools.


Detrez, R. / Servië-Montenegro : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur, milieu
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen ; Novib

Naklada Ljevak

Rellie, A. / Montenegro
Bradt Travel Guides

Schuman, M.A. / Serbia and Montenegro
Facts On File

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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