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Geography and Landscape

Basic information
Official languageArabic
CapitalKuwait City
Area17.818 kmĀ²
Population4,376,447  (2021)
CurrencyKuwaiti dinar  (KWD)

Geography and Landscape


Kuwait is situated in the Middle East. To the west and north of Kuwait lies Iraq, to the east lies the Persian Gulf and to the south Saudi Arabia.

Kuwait Satellite PhotoKuwait Satellite PhotoPhoto: Public domain

A number of islands off the coast also belong to Kuwait. The largest of these are Bubiyãn, Warhab and Faylakah. The area of Kuwait is 17,820 square kilometres.


Kuwait consists mainly of gravel desert and sandy plains, with only a few hills (up to 300 m high), some crescent dunes (barchans) and some oases. The desert gets higher from the northeast to the southwest. Along the coast are shallows and swamps. The islands in the north were created by silt deposits. Kuwait has no rivers or lakes.

Sandstorm in the desert of KuwaitSandstorm in the desert of KuwaitPhoto: Kuwaitsoccer CC BY-SA 3.0 no changes made

Climate and Weather

Kuwait has a distinctive desert climate with very hot summers and short, somewhat cooler winters. The country is one of the hottest countries in the world. During the summer months, the average temperature is around 25 °C, with peaks of 60 °C. In the winter, it can sometimes freeze and there is some precipitation. In the winter, it can sometimes freeze and there is some precipitation. The average precipitation is between 10 and 200 mm per year.

Plants and Animals


Kuwait has little flora. After a period of rain, cacti and some bushes grow in the desert. In a few oases, date palms grow. The salt marshes are characterised by the salt water plants that grow there. Common crops are cactus, date palm, grain, grass, melon and tomato.


The animal world is also limited due to the severe drought. Common animals are shrimp, goat, camel, crab, hare, chicken, sheep and falcon.


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated March 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info