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Cities in ESTONIA



Estonia had 1,251,581 inhabitants in 2017, 68.7% of whom were native Estonians. An ethnically large group are the Russians (24.8%). Other ethnic groups are much smaller: Ukrainians, White Russians, Finns, Tatars, Latvians, Poles, Lithuanians and Germans. The ethnic mix is very striking. There are currently more than 100 ethnic groups living in Estonia, mostly from all parts of the former Soviet Union.

On average, there are about 28 people per km2. The Estonians are of Finno-Ugric origin. They are not related to inhabitants of the other two Baltic countries, Latvia and Lithuania, who are of Indo-European origin. Estonians live almost exclusively in the countryside, while the other groups live in the cities. For example, half of the inhabitants of the capital Tallinn (± 400,000 inhabitants) are ethnic Russians. In Narva, close to the Russian border in the north-east, even 98% of the population is of Russian origin! About 70% of the population lives in the cities. The population structure is very similar to that of Western European countries: 0-14 years 16.2%, 15-64 years 64% and 65+ 19.8%. The population growth rate in 2017 was -0.57%. On average, the Est becomes about 77 years old. (2017)


Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania: country studies
Federal Research Division, Library of Congres

Spilling, M. / Estonia
Marshall Cavendish Corporation

Taylor, N. / Estonia
Bradt Publications

Williams, N. / Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania
Lonely Planet

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated June 2024
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