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Colombia Cartagena Street sceneColombia Cartagena Street scenePhoto: Joachim Pietsch CC 2.0 Generic no changes made

An estimated 49 million people live in Colombia (2017). It is a sparsely populated country with 45 inhabitants per square kilometre.

Natural population growth 0.99% (2017)
Births (per 1000 inhabitants) 16.1 (2017)
Mortality (per 1000 inhabitants) 5.5 (2017)
Life expectancy Total population 75.9- women 79.3- men 72.8 years (2017)

The following population groups can be distinguished:


Spanish Language MapSpanish Language MapPhoto: Gabbykawaii07 CC 4.0 International no changes made

The official language is Spanish. In addition, many indigenous languages and dialects are spoken.


Las Lajas Kathedraal Narin, ColombiaLas Lajas Kathedraal Narin, ColombiaPhoto: Martin St-Amant CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

For the most part, the population of Colombia is Roman Catholic (95%). There are also smaller Protestant and Jewish communities.


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
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