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Geography and Landscape

Basic information
Official languageItalian
CapitalVatican City
Area0,44 kmĀ²
Population799  (2021)
Currencyeuro  (EUR)

Geography and Landscape

The Vatican City is located in Southern Europe and is a country of its own in the city of Rome. It is located west of the Tiber River and is under the authority of the Pope.

Vatican City MapVatican City MapPhoto: Public Domain

The Vatican City includes St Peter's, the Vatican palaces and museums and the Vatican gardens and buildings. The mini-state has an area of 44 hectares, making it the smallest country in the world. The buildings of the Vatican City are bordered by the medieval and Renaissance enclosure along Viale Vaticano and the colonnade of St Peter's Square.

View of the Vatican GardensView of the Vatican GardensPhoto: Marek.69 CC 3.0 Unported no changes made

Climate and Weather

Vatican City has a Mediterranean climate with warm, dry summers and mild and wet winters. The average annual temperature in Vatican City is 15°C. Below is a list of other weather facts.

In the summer months it is probably too hot for a city trip. In spring and autumn the weather is usually great for a city trip. It is then between 15° C and 25° C. Moreover, it is often less crowded in Vatican City in autumn and spring than during the high season (summer).

Plants and Animals

Gardens of Vatican CityGardens of Vatican CityPhoto: Marek 69 CC 3.0 no changes made

Vatican City is an urban area. There are stray dogs, stray cats and pigeons, but there is no animal life worth mentioning. Of course, there are some trees in the Vatican City. Among them: beech, cedar, cypress, pine, eucalyptus, olive, palm tree and fig tree.


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info