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SRI LANKA
Vacations and Sightseeing

Basic information
Official languageSinhala, Tamil
CapitalSri Jayewardenepura Kotte
Area65.610 kmĀ²
Population21,570,428  (2021)
CurrencySri Lankan rupee  (LKR)
Web.lk
Code.LKA
Tel.+94

Cities in SRI LANKA

Colombo

Vacations and Sightseeing

Sri Lanka has not been a popular holiday destination for long. Only since 1977 has the number of western holidaymakers grown to around 400,000 in the 1990s.

Popular are the beaches on the west coast, the ruins of old capitals and the tea plantations.

Due to the civil war in the 1980s, the whole sector collapsed from time to time. Fortunately, the influx of tourists quickly recovered after the armistice.

What is annoying is that much of the income from tourism has flowed away to foreign hotel chains and investors.

Anuradhapura is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, famous for its well-preserved ruins of ancient civilisation. Anuradhapura was the capital of Sri Lanka from the 4th century BC to the beginning of the 11th century AD. The ancient city is considered sacred in the Buddhist world and today is surrounded by monasteries covering an area of more than 40 km². Anuradhapura is also known from Hindu legend as the legendary capital of the Asura King Ravana in the Ramayana.

Kandy is the last capital of the Sinhala kingdom. Because of its altitude (500 m), Kandy has an average temperature of 26 °C. It is located 116 km from Colombo. Kandy City is an international religious centre and since 1988 Kandy is on the UNESCO world heritage list. Sri Dalada Maligawa (The Temple of the Tooth) is the most famous attraction. It contains a real tooth of Lord Gauthama Buddha in seven golden cases and boxes and is situated on the northern shore of Lake Kandy. During the annual Esala Perahera (full moon in July), the golden coffin is carried through the city by musicians, dancers, dignitaries on beautifully decorated elephants.

Colombo is the capital of Sri Lanka. The two towers of the World Trade Center are seen as the most recognisable landmarks of the city. In the era before the skyscrapers, the old parliament building and the lighthouse stood out the most. Even before that period, the Jami-Ul Alfar Mosque became the symbol of Colombo and was recognised by sailors approaching the harbour. The mosque is still one of the most visited tourist attractions in Colombo. Read more on the Colombo page.


Sources

Bradnock, R.W. / Sri Lanka handbook : the travel guide
Footprint Handbooks

Geetha Kumari, W.M. / Reishandboek Sri Lanka
Elmar,

Laet, R. de / Sri Lanka en de Malediven
Kosmos-Z&K

Plunkett, R. / Sri Lanka
Lonely Planet

Rokebrand, R. / Sri Lanka
Gottmer/Becht

Schiller, B. / Sri Lanka
Van Reemst

Sprang, U. / Sri Lanka : mensen, politiek, economie, cultuur, milieu
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen

Sri Lanka
Cambium

Te gast in Sri Lanka
Informatie Verre Reizen

Wanasundera, N.P. / Sri Lanka
Benchmark Books

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated November 2023
Copyright: Team The World of Info