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The population of Somalia is 11,031,386 (2017).

The population density is about 17 inhabitants per square kilometre. (2017)
The natural population growth rate is 2%. (2017)
Birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 39.6 (2017)
Death rate per 1000 inhabitants is 13.1 (2017)
Life expectancy is 52.8 years (men 50.7 and women 54.9 years) (2017)

85% of the population is Somali, this people has clans and sub-clans. The three main clans are the Irir, the Darod and the Saab. They in turn consist of many clans and sub-clans. The Irir has the most clans and sub-clans, including the Issak, the clan that declared independence and settled in Somalia. The other inhabitants of Somalia have a Bantu or Arabic background.


The official language of Somalia is Somali. Arabic, English and Italian are also spoken.


Somalia is a (Sunni) Muslim country. A minority of the population adheres to animistic customs and practises indigenous religions or Christianity.


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info