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Papua New Guinea is home to 6,909,701 people (2017). The population density is extremely low with no more than 15 inhabitants per square kilometre.

The natural population growth rate is 1.71%. (2017)
Birth rate per 1000 inhabitants is 23.7 (2017)
Death rate per 1000 inhabitants is 6.6(2017)
Life expectancy is 67.3 years. (men 65.1 and women 69.7 years (2017)

Population composition:

The population of Papua New Guinea is mainly composed of Papuans. They make up 98 percent of the total population. Chinese and Malaysians make up the remaining part of the population. The Buka live mainly in northern Solomons. The Polynesians live mainly in the south along the coast.


English is spoken by 1-2% of the population, further many Tok Pisin (Pidgin), Motu and more than 700 other languages.


There are many different religions and hybrids in Papua New Guinea. Here the main movements are Roman Catholic (22%), Lutheran (16%), Presbyterians (8%) United Churches (13%), Anglican (5%), Other Protestants (2%) traditional expression of faith (34%).


Elmar Landeninformatie

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated March 2024
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