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Micronesia has a total population of approximately 525,000, a high birth rate and one of the highest percentages of people under the age of 18. The people of the eastern and central islands are mainly of Melanesian descent. The people of the western islands are generally of Southeast Asian descent.

The Micronesian tribes and peoples evolved in a relatively isolated environment so that they could maintain their indigenous culture for a long time. The Chamorro of the Mariana Islands were the only ones who were more or less forced to form a mengrass with the Spaniards as early as the seventeenth century. The Northern Mariana Islands and Guam are also home to many immigrants from countries outside Micronesia.

Palau had a population of 21,437 in 2017. Of these, more than half live in the capital, Koror. On average, approximately 47 people live there per km2. About 4,000 foreign workers from mainly the Philippines and 500 Americans also live on Palau. Of the 343 islands, only nine are permanently inhabited. The population grew by 0.39% in the year 2017. For every 1,000 inhabitants, 11.3 children were born. The average life expectancy is 73.4 years (2017). Palau does not have such a young population as most other Micronesia countries. The number of 0-14 year olds is 19.7% of population, the number of 15-64 year olds is 72.2% and the number of over-65s is 8.1% (2017).


Galbraith, K. / Micronesia
Lonely Planet

Levy, N.M. / Micronesia handbook Moon

CIA - World Factbook

BBC - Country Profiles

Last updated May 2024
Copyright: Team The World of Info